Engineering Entrance Exams: A Brief Outline
The Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India has entrusted the responsibility of conducting Joint Entrance Examination (JEE-Main) to the NTA. This Examination was being conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) till 2018.
The National Testing Agency (NTA) is only an examination conducting body. After declaration of result, the data will be handed over to Centralised Seat Allocation Board (CSAB)/JoSAA or the concerned State Government/Institute for Seat Allocation Process and admission procedure.
Usually, the syllabus of the entrance tests is based on the NCERT courses outline of class XI and XII. The motto of almost all the entrance tests is to assess the fundamental concepts of Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics, and their varied applications; but the questions being asked now a day are a bit tricky. However in some specific entrance tests, questions are also asked on Mental Ability Test (MAT), English Proficiency, Logical Reasoning/ General Aptitude and Drawing etc.
In 2013, by the direction of The HRD Ministry, Govt. of India the JEE has been divided into two phases: JEE (Main) – A common entrance test for admission to undergraduate degree programs in India's Government as well as Private Engineering / Science Institutions/ Colleges/ Universities and the screening test for the IITs. JEE Main is applicable for admission to NITs, IIITs and CFTIs participating though Central Seat Allocation Board subject to the condition. JEE (Advanced) is conducted for the admission into the very coveted IITs after JEE (Main).
Test Pattern of National Level Engineering Entrance Exams:
JEE (Main): There are two papers in JEE (Main): Paper-1 for B. E. / B. Tech and Paper-2 for B. Arch / B. Planning. Paper-1 (B.E. / B. Tech) will be conducted in “Computer Based Test (CBT)” mode only. Paper-1 contains 90 questions; out of which 30 questions from each in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. There will be four options for each question, out of which one answer is to be selected. Each correct answer carries 4 marks where as 1 mark will be deducted for each incorrect answer. Maximum mark is 360. Duration of the test is 3 hrs. The medium of Question Paper shall be in English, Hindi and Gujarati. The option of question paper language should be exercised while filling up the Application Form and it cannot be changed at a later stage.
JEE (Advanced): It is consists of two objective type papers i.e., Paper-1 & Paper-2. Each paper contains 54 questions from Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics with three separate sections i.e., Section-1, 2, 3. Questions are varies from section to section. Each subject contains 18 questions. Max. Mark is 183 for each paper but marking scheme varies from question to question. There is also negative marking in some sections of this paper. Duration of each paper is 3 hrs. As per the decision of Joint Admission Board (JAB), the JEE (Advanced) exam being conducted online from 2018. The medium of Question Paper shall be in English only.
VITEEE: Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) question paper consists of 4 parts – Part-I: Physics, Part-II: Chemistry, Part-III: Mathematics/Biology and Part-IV: English. Each part has 40 questions and English has 5 questions, with each question carrying 1 mark. Each question is followed by 4 alternative answers. The candidate will have to choose the correct answer. Each correct answer carries 1 mark. No negative marks for wrong answers. Maximum Mark is 125. Duration of the test is 2.5 hrs. Mode of Entrance Examination is CBT only. The exam will be conducted as 3 sessions per day. The Question paper will be in English language only.
BITS-Pilani: Birla Institute of Technology & Science Admission Test (BITSAT) paper consists of 4 parts. Part-I: Physics contains 40 questions; Part-II: Chemistry contains 40 questions; Part-III contains two sub-sections: (a) English Proficiency-15 questions & (b) Logical Reasoning-10 questions and Part-IV: Mathematics / Biology contains 45 questions. There are 150 questions in all. All questions are of objective type (multiple choice questions). Each question has four choices out of which only one is correct answer. Each correct answer fetches 3 marks, while each incorrect answer has a penalty of -1mark. No marks are awarded for questions not attempted. Duration of test is 3 hrs. Maximum Mark is 450. BITSAT is a Computer based online test.